A rash is a term that describes a change in the skin's colour, appearance, or texture. Rashes can make the skin red, itchy, bumpy, dry, cracked, blistered, or swollen and can be painful. Rashes can affect particular areas of the body or extend throughout. Various medical conditions cause rashes. Several factors that trigger skin rashes are stress, fatigue, age, extreme weather, skin type, shampooing, and inappropriate lotions. If one is suffering from skin rashes and looking for skin rash treatment in Bangalore, then they must consult a skin expert Dr. Rajdeep Mysore at Charma Clinic. In this blog, Dr. Rajdeep Mysore has also shared the types of skin rashes and their causes. Read on to learn more about them in detail.
Causes of Skin Rashes
A variety of factors cause rashes. Many rashes have identical symptoms, making them difficult to diagnose. As the causes are numerous, treatment is frequently challenging. After a sometimes-overestimated diagnosis, treatment will focus on symptom relief. Rashes often go away independently after a few days or can be alleviated with dermatologist-prescribed lotions and creams.
Rashes can be caused by several conditions, including:
Contact dermatitis: It is a group of rashes developed when the skin gets contact with something irritating or causing an allergic reaction to the skin. Rashes usually emerge 48 hours after contact with the irritant. Poison oak or poison ivy are typical causes of contact dermatitis. These plants contain an oil known as "urushiol," which causes rash in 65-70% of the population. Common irritants include soaps, detergents, fragrances, cosmetics, jewellery, certain fabrics, and latex. Rashes produced by allergies or irritants often only affect the area of skin exposed to the rash-causing item. Skin irritation, redness, tiny pimples, and itching are common symptoms. Treatment may include avoiding the allergen that produced the rash and applying topical steroids.
Sometimes one is unable to determine the type of rash, so it is recommended to meet a dermatologist for skin rashes treatment in Bangalore as they can determine the type of rash and provide the required treatment.
Bacterial infections: Impetigo, caused by staph or strep germs, is the most prevalent. It is infectious and more frequent in children than in adults. The rash may be tiny blisters or scabs with adjacent inflamed glands. Impetigo is not a dangerous condition that will go away on its own. If this is not the case, antibiotic ointment or oral antibiotics will be suggested.
Viral Infections: Rashes, typically red, itchy bumps all over the body caused by viral infections, such as herpes, shingles, or chickenpox, are contagious disorders. Patients with viral rashes typically have accompanying viral symptoms such as nausea, sneezing, and coughing. These infections often last a few days to a week and resolve independently. Treatment usually is not required, but it may include itch relief cream.
7 common skin rashes are as follows:
1. Atopic dermatitis (Eczema)
Eczema is a common skin rash that causes the affected region to become dry, flaky, inflammatory, and rough. It is most often used to describe atopic dermatitis. Eczema is another type of skin rash that causes itching and inflammation. Eczema is most frequent in children and young people and typically affects the face, arms, scalp, inner elbows, and back of the knees. It is also a prevalent skin issue among those with asthma or hay fever.
Symptoms of eczema:
- Skin discolouration, redness, and brownish spots
- Raised lumps that frequently release fluid when scraped
- Scaly skin
- When scratched, patches of dry, oozing fluid appear.
Although not infectious, eczema can cause severe skin inflammation. It may go away for a while but may return and worsen if the affected skin is scratched, sometimes resulting in a skin infection requiring medical attention.
Also Read: Skin Doctor Talks About Eczema
Psoriasis is a chronic skin rash characterised by an accelerated accumulation of skin cells, resulting in skin scaling. It is distinguished by inflammation, redness, silver-whitish scales, and red, thick patches of skin that frequently split and bleed. Psoriasis can develop anywhere on the body, including the hands, feet, neck, scalp, and face.
Hives are a form of skin rash distinguished by itchy, raised welts on the skin that are frequently red or skin-coloured. They appear in clusters, can expand in size, and spread throughout the body. They can affect any portion of the body and typically appear quickly, subside in a few hours, and then recur.
People who are suffering from skin allergies can consult dermatologists like Dr. Rajdeep Mysore, who provides effective skin allergy treatment in Bangalore. He can help one to get healthy skin and body and to live a healthy life with beautiful skin with the best skin treatment provided after a proper diagnosis of the concern!
4. Contact dermatitis
The most common cause of skin rashes is an allergic reaction to an allergen on the skin. A person may have come into contact with poison ivy, resulting in a line-shaped or streaking rash. Contact dermatitis can be caused by nickel and rubber, which are relatively unknown. However, people could be allergic to anything from a specific cloth to a chemical in laundry detergent.
Skin rashes caused by allergic contact dermatitis generally appear after a few days, making it difficult to pinpoint the source. An individual's skin may become itchy, red, or swollen, and blisters may form around the contact site. Avoiding the allergen or irritant altogether is the most effective treatment for rashes.
Rosacea, a skin disorder that causes a red, rosy face, affects more than 16 million people globally. An individual's face may also develop visible blood vessels and small, red, fluid-filled pimples. A rosacea rash can form on the cheeks, forehead, chin, and tip of the nose, giving an individual a flushed appearance.
Rosacea most commonly occurs in adults with fair skin between 30 and 50. The rash appears and disappears. It might go dormant for years before resurfacing. Once rosacea is in remission, the skin may not return to its previous colour, leaving an individual with a pink or red skin tone.
- Chickenpox is a viral disease that nearly all children will contract at some point. It primarily affects children under the age of 10.
- An itchy rash develops into fluid-filled blisters. They crust over to produce scabs, which eventually fall off. The spots are most likely to form on the face, ears, and scalp, as well as under the arms, the chest and belly, and the arms and legs.
- Chickenpox has no cure, but one can try to alleviate the symptoms. While as-pi-rin shouldn't be given to children under 16, para-cet-amol can relieve fever, and calamine lotion and cooling gels can treat inflammation. One can get the best treatment for chicken pox in Bangalore with Dr. Rajdeep Mysore at Charma Clinic.
Sores and blisters define a common and contagious skin condition known as impetigo. It is rarely severe and usually improves after a week of treatment. Anyone can get impetigo, but commonly found to affect children. Impetigo is classified into two types: non-bullous and bullous.
Non-bullous impetigo often affects the skin around the nose and mouth, resulting in sores that burst fast and leave a yellow-brown crust.
Bullous impetigo usually affects the trunk (the area of the body between the waist and the neck), causing fluid-filled blisters that rupture after a few days, leaving a yellow crust.
If a parent suspects their child has impetigo, they should consult a skin doctor in Bangalore.
Many skin rashes can be treated with over-the-counter skin rash drugs, such as:
- Anti-itch creams
- Moisturising lotions keep the skin moist and prevent dry, cracked skin caused by skin rashes.
- Contact a dermatologist for the best skin rash treatment based on their skin type. They can determine the type of skin issue and make one know which treatment is best for them and achieve healthy skin.
Prevention of skin Rashes
One can avoid a rash by doing the following:
- Avoiding skin and cosmetic products that irritate the skin.
- To keep a rash from spreading, avoid scratching it with nails
- Hot water should not be used for bathing.
- Avoid wearing clothing that can irritate the skin, such as woollen clothes.
If one is suffering from skin allergy and looking for a skin allergy doctor in Bangalore, one can visit Charma Clinic, the best skin clinic, to achieve treatment for all types of skin allergies or other issues. Make a visit to learn more!
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