Lip Pigmentation

Lip Lightening Treatment in Bangalore

Just like skin tone, lip color can also vary among races and ethnicities. Some people are born with pink, soft lips which are attractive while others may get their lips cracked or dark with age or because of other factors. 

Lip darkening or lip pigmentation is a common problem. It can occur because of various reasons like regular smoking or chewing of tobacco, genetic factors, certain medical conditions, birthmark, reaction to some medications, a trauma or injury to lips, exposure to UV radiations or pollutants, and cosmetic allergies. People often ignore the pigmentation of the lips until they appear too dark and displeasing. It can be problematic, if it is signalling an underlying health condition or a poor lifestyle. One can get beautiful pink lips with the best lip lightening treatment in Bangalore offered at Charma Clinic, a leading cosmetic dermatology clinic.


What causes lip pigmentation?
Melanin is a pigment released by melanocytes which gives the skin its color. The lips are covered with skin layers that also comprise melanocytes. They have highly sensitive skin as they are thinner than other body parts. If there is more melanin production, skin appears darker whereas less melanin creates a lighter skin tone. Hyperpigmentation or skin discoloration is an unusual production of more melanin pigments which leads to development of dark spots or patches on the skin. It can affect any area of the body including lips. 

What causes lip pigmentation? 

Some of the possible factors that can contribute to lips discoloration include:


  • Sun Exposure 

When skin gets exposed to the sun or UV radiations for long, it leads to overproduction of melanin to absorb the sunlight. Thus, causing hyperpigmentation. It is important to protect the lips from sun damage by using lip balms having SPF of 30 or above. 


  • Cigarette Smoking 

Daily smoking can over time cause the lips to darken. This is because of the nicotine and tar present in tobacco that can shrink or narrow the blood vessels and make the skin deprived of oxygen and nutrients because of limited blood flow. It can also stimulate the melanocytes to produce more melanin than usual, thereby resulting in uneven lip pigmentation. 


  • Pregnancy 

Some women may experience temporary dark patches on their skin including lips during pregnancy due to changing levels of hormones in the body. This condition is known as melasma. 
Certain treatments and therapies
These include intake of some antimalarial drugs, oral antibiotics, anticonvulsants, antipsychotics, and anti-cancer drugs. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy may also be the reason. The lips may remain dark until a specific treatment course or medication gets completed, or may persist. 


  • Medical issues 

These include Addison’s disease, Actinic keratosis, Laugier-Hunziker syndrome, Peutz-Jehger’s syndrome, Familial lentiginosis syndrome, Angiokeratoma, Venous lake, Anemia, HIV infection, vitamin deficiency, mucosal melanoma, rise in iron levels, and hormonal disorders.

Lip Pigmentation Treatment in Bangalore

How is lip pigmentation treated? 

1. Q-switched Nd:YAG Laser
Q-switched Nd:YAG (neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet) laser is a revolutionary technology to treat uneven skin tone and lip hyperpigmentation. It is a globally used laser technology for treating lip discoloration. This type of laser is highly safe for the skin and is used mainly to evacuate the profoundly located melanocytes where other cosmetic products or chemical peels cannot reach. It works on two wavelengths; a longer wavelength of 1064 nm (with deep penetrating ability i.e. ideal for treatment of dermal lesions) and a shorter wavelength of 532 nm both working effectively for deep-penetrating areas of the body. 


Q-switched Nd:YAG laser creates an invisible beam of light that specifically targets the melanin (colored pigment) present in the dark spots without having any effect on the surrounding skin. The melanin absorbs the thermal energy generated by laser light and gets fragmented within the skin's tissues. The broken pigments are later disposed of by the body, thereby providing a smooth and even skin tone. It usually takes about 6-8 treatment sessions with a gap of about 4 to 6 weeks for the service to provide optimal results. At Charma Clinic, laser lip lightening treatment in Bangalore, JP Nagar is performed using the best advanced lasers by expert dermatologists.


How is this laser treatment performed?
The removal of lip pigmentation by using Q-switched Nd:YAG laser involves wearing protective eyeglasses or special eye cover to protect the eyes from laser throughout the procedure. Some people find the treatment tolerable, while others with sensitive skin ask for local anaesthetics. For lips, skin is usually numbed. After that, an expert laser technician performs the procedure by pressing a handheld laser device against the skin of the treatment site to deliver the laser beam in pulses. 


Based on the type of treatment being performed, the laser device is set-up wherein the release of laser light in pulses are controlled. Ideally, for the treatment of vascular conditions affecting sensitive areas of the body, the duration of pulses being delivered is 50 milliseconds and it possesses output energy of 150 to 250 J/cm2. 


As the laser light penetrates through the skin, the patient might feel a burning or a pin-pricking sensation on the treated area for several minutes or up to a few hours. There is slight redness and crusting of the skin.   


Next, cold compresses or a cooling gel is applied to the treatment area to soothe it. But nowadays, advanced laser devices have come up with a built-in cooling system to make the procedure more comfortable.


A single session can usually remove more than 75-100% of an individual’s dark spots. A second or a third treatment may be needed to completely neutralize the color and result in soft pink lips.


Pre-laser preparation:

  • Avoid sun tanning.
  • Do not consume blood thinning medications for at least 2 weeks.
  • Avoid using a lot of cosmetics or make up on the treatment area. 


Post-laser treatment care:

  • Stay away from direct sun exposure for at least seven to ten days. Protect the lips from sun damage by using a broad spectrum sunscreen daily.
  • Be aware that the treated area will have dark-brown colored scab for up to two weeks or more. To ensure safe healing, it is recommended by the dermatologists to use a plain petroleum jelly and keep the area covered. Refrain from picking the crust as it may result in scarring.
  • Stay hydrated.
  • Avoid junk and spicy food intake.
  • Do not apply heavy matted lipsticks for a few days.


Advantages of Q-switched Nd:YAG Laser For Lip Lightening:
Q-switch NdYAG laser is an advanced option for lip lightening.


  • One can expect a tailored program and laser settings for more effective clearance of pigmentation of lips.
  • The treatment lasts for about 12 to 15 minutes and requires sessions once every 3 to 4 weeks. This saves time compared to other laser treatments which only last for 1 to 2 minutes each and candidates would be advised to do these treatments up to 3 to 7 times a week.
  • These lasers are able to shatter tiny fragments of pigmentation, and stimulate collagen production. Because their contact with the skin is less than other lasers, Q-switched Nd:YAG lasers are known for not damaging surrounding tissue and causing any unwanted side effects.
  • It requires no down-time and candidates may return to work immediately. Q-switched laser when combined with highly efficacious skin care products lightens, stimulates and protects the skin which results in a smooth, flawless complexion.


2. Lip Lightening Peels 

Chemical peels and lasers both are skin resurfacing procedures to get rid of old damaged superficial skin layers and reveal a new skin. To reduce lips hyperpigmentation, both chemical peels and laser treatments are frequently used. 


Lip lightening peels involve the application of chemical solution on dark or pigmented lips to help erase the discoloured lines on the upper and lower lip. There are three types of chemical peels based on their chemical strength: superficial, medium and deep peels. Superficial chemical peels like salicylic acid and lactic acid are gentle as it utilizes mild acids to exfoliate only the skin epidermal layer. Medium chemical peels include glycolic acid and TCA which are more intrusive and penetrate the skin dermis layers. Deep chemical peels like phenol acids, are the strongest peels. It makes use of powerful acids to reach the deep dermal layers and remove damaged skin cells.


Depending on the skin condition, a combination of chemical peels can be used to encourage collagen synthesis, enhance skin hydration, and improve cell turnover. Successive subsequent sessions are required to achieve long lasting and effective results. Common side effects are temporary which may include redness, dryness, stinging or burning sensation, and swelling.


Disadvantages Of Using Lip Lightening Chemical Peels:
Dr. Rajdeep Mysore, a renowned cosmetic dermatologist in Bangalore prefers using laser treatment for lip lightening instead of chemical peels. Here’s why:

  • Scarring can be permanent. Due to the risk of permanent skin discoloration, chemical peels are not recommended for people with dark skin.
  • Because chemical peel penetrates more deeply into the skin, it carries a higher risk of infection.
  • Peels dry the skin. As the skin of the lips is already thin and tends to get dry easily; lasers are a better option for lip lightening treatment. 
  • Following the treatment, candidates with herpes simplex may experience flares. There is a risk of reactivation. 
  • New skin will remain sensitive to sun exposure. 
  • One needs to follow proper post-treatment care which is not required in case of Q-switched Nd:YAG laser.
  • Peels do not yield consistent results. On the other hand, laser provides far superior results even in resistant pigmentation.


To get healthy pink lips at a reliable cost with laser treatment in Bangalore, JP Nagar,  schedule a visit at Charma Clinic.

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Chirag Hospital, 3rd floor, #1635, 17th main, J P Nagar 2nd phase,
Bengaluru - 560078

+91 9731236668

Clinic Timings

Monday to Saturday : 9.30AM to 7.30PM
Sunday : Closed!

Charma Clinic

The word Charma means skin in Sanskrit and other Indian languages. Charma was conceptualised in the summer of 2013 as a centre to treat dermatological problems. It was started in Chirag Hospital, a small nursing home in South Bengaluru.

Charma Clinic

Chirag Hospital, 3rd floor, #1635, 17th main, J P Nagar 2nd phase, Bengaluru - 560078

Clinic Timings

Monday to Saturday : 9.30AM to 7.30PM
Sunday : Closed!