Uneven Skin Tone

Uneven Skin Tone Treatment in Bangalore

Uneven skin tone is a common skin concern that refers to blotchy skin, facial flushing, or skin pigmentation. It may appear as discolored, irregular patches on any part of the body or face and affect the aesthetics and self-esteem of an individual. This may range from sunspots, freckles, age spots to melasma. The most common cause of uneven skin tone is hyperpigmentation, a skin condition wherein excess melanin is present in certain skin areas appearing as dark patches or spots. 

 

The factors which lead to uneven skin tone treatment in Bangalore include sun damage by exposure to sunlight or UV rays; lifestyle factors such as stress, lack of proper sleep, and smoking; skin injury, disease or illnesses, acne, and its scarring, aging, other skin issues like dermatitis or rosacea, hormonal changes, and certain medications. It must be noted that the symptoms of skin pigmentation are physically harmless and painless.  

 

Although uneven skin tone is not a serious skin issue, most people wish to get an even skin tone due to cosmetic reasons. There are a number of treatment options available that can be considered including home remedies with over-the-counter products and professional treatments carried by expert dermatologists. One must know that home remedies may or may not provide results for everyone. Rather most people end up worsening the skin condition by trying out different home remedies. So, it is suggested to consult a qualified dermatologist to get the right treatment and avoid any complications.

 

How to get an even skin tone?

The first approach is to wait and see if the uneven skin tone gets improved over time. Mostly, no treatment is required for pregnancy-related hyperpigmentation or post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation as it can resolve within a few months. But, if it does not go on its own, medical and dermatological treatments can help. 

 

Another way is to look for the cause. If a skin product or a birth control pill is causing hyperpigmentation, then stopping it may help fade dark patches within 6-12 months.
 

If there is an underlying skin condition giving rise to uneven skin tone, its treatment can help prevent further hyperpigmented areas of skin or even allow the existing ones to fade over time.

 

Several over-the-counter products can also treat uneven skin tone problems. Mostly, they comprise at least one of the following ingredients:

  • Glycolic acid: It can exfoliate the skin to reveal a new, fresh skin from underneath.
  • Vitamin C: It is an antioxidant to protect against sun damage. These can be used in the form of topical creams, serums, or gels.
  • Retinol: It helps increase cell turnover to accelerate the process of formation of new, healthy skin.
  • Niacinamide: It can reduce skin inflammation.
  • Salicylic acid: It is a skin exfoliating agent with anti-inflammatory effects.
  • Hydroquinone, cortisone, tretinoin, and hyaluronic acid- These can help reduce the symptoms of hyperpigmentation.

 

Makeups like foundations, concealers, and green-tinted products can also work to cover up minor flushing of the skin and help even out skin tone temporarily. Skin brightening medifacials are another temporary treatment for uneven skin tone. These medifacials use medical-grade products to provide the skin with the required hydration and nutrients, thereby improving the skin texture and tone. However, for long-lasting glow one may need advanced treatments.

Some of the best dermatological treatments that are known to improve the skin tone are:

1. Laser Toning 
It is an ideal way to correct uneven skin tone and other common skin concerns as it can get to even the hard-to-reach areas of skin. However, the results may vary based on the person’s age, skin type, skin condition, and the type of laser (i.e. wavelength of laser).  

 

There are two major types of laser: ablative (an intense form that causes removal of superficial skin layers) and non-ablative (a less invasive form that targets the skin dermis without damaging the top skin surface to encourage collagen remodeling). The laser technique may use either fractional or non-fractional laser tools to eliminate damaged skin layers. Among different types of laser, Q-switched Nd: YAG laser (a non-ablative type of laser) is the latest technology that is safe and effective in reducing unwanted skin pigmentation for all skin types.

 

The laser toning procedure begins with an initial clean-up of the treatment site to remove excess oil and dirt. It is followed by applying a topical local anesthetic for numbing the skin so that the treatment is pain-free and comforting for the client. Further, the skin expert or laser technician determines the wavelength of light according to the skin type and condition of the individual being treated.   

The laser produces a high-intensity light of a specific wavelength that gets focused for a few microseconds on the skin. This light energy gets transferred to deeper areas of skin and is absorbed only by the skin-colored pigments (melanin) present in the dark spots of skin without harming the surrounding skin. It generates thermal energy which leads to fragmentation of melanin pigment within the skin tissues (called subcellular selective photo thermolysis), thereby providing even, smooth skin. It has the potential to get rid of sunspots, freckles, age spots, and pigmented birthmarks. Furthermore, laser heat promotes the production of collagen and elastin (the skin structural fibers) by inflicting micro-injuries in the skin that triggers the body’s healing system. During the procedure, the broken tiny particles of unwanted melanin move into the bloodstream to be flushed out from that site. This rejuvenates the skin and makes it look instantly brighter, plumper, and even-toned.

 

Usually, 6-8 sessions are required for the service to deliver optimal results. Some patients may experience a mild stinging sensation or like a rubber band snapping against the skin when a laser handpiece gets hovered over the affected skin. There is no bruising or swelling, only slight redness which is normal and can subside within a few hours. The procedure is quick, has little to no downtime and the person can immediately return to daily routine. To know about laser treatment cost in Bangalore, consult the skin expert at Charma Clinic.


2. Chemical Peels
Chemical peeling (also referred to as chemexfoliation or derma peeling) is a highly effective method to allow a deep level of skin exfoliation (removal of affected skin cells) by using chemical solutions, thereby revealing the fresh layer of skin from underneath. It is usually carried out on the face, neck, and hands. There are different types of chemical peels that are designed based on their skin penetrating ability and strength of the chemical solution used. These include light, medium, and deep chemical peels. They can be used to correct uneven skin tone or discolorations, remove acne and its scarring, improve skin texture, eliminate visible aging signs like fine lines and wrinkles, and generally improve the skin appearance. It can help reduce sun damage and hyperpigmentation problems that cause the skin to age. They eliminate blotchiness due to the sun, resulting in younger-looking skin. 

 

Chemical peels are highly effective as they go deeper than microdermabrasion but if not used properly, there is a risk of skin burning. Depending upon the skin problems being addressed, one of the following chemical peels is chosen:

  • Superficial peel: It involves the use of mild acids (alpha-hydroxy acid such as lactic acid) for removal of the outermost affected skin layer (skin epidermis). This type is commonly used to improve the appearance of rough skin and help in skin brightening. It can treat acne, fine wrinkles, dryness, and uneven skin tone. People might need to repeat its use after every two to five weeks to achieve and maintain the desired results. The skin can heal within 1 to 7 days.  
  • Medium peel: It has the ability to remove the damaged skin layers up to the upper portions of the skin dermis (middle skin layer). Examples include glycolic and trichloroacetic acid. Moderate skin discoloration, age spots, freckles, acne scars, and uneven skin tone can be treated with this peel. People may undergo repeated sessions for optimal results. It takes about one to two weeks for the skin to begin healing. 
  • Deep peel: It involves the use of strong acids like Trichloroacetic acid or phenol to lift the dead skin cells from even deeper skin layers. This is recommended for deeper wrinkles, precancerous growths, or scars. It is not used specifically for treating uneven skin tone but can help improve the skin appearance drastically in one treatment. This treatment requires 14-21 days of skin healing time.Other than skin exfoliation, chemical peels also encourage the production of new elastin and collagen. It can lighten and brighten the skin to make it appear naturally glowing. To get an effective chemical peel treatment in Bangalore for uneven skin tone, please feel free to visit Charma Clinic.
  • Microdermabrasion
    It is a minimally invasive cosmetic procedure to fix uneven skin tone and renew skin texture. It is suitable for all skin colors and types with minor skin flaws like mild cases of hyperpigmentation. Moreover, it is known to be a secret for youthful-looking skin. It can enhance the skin appearance following sun damage, fine lines, wrinkles, age spots, acne blemishes, scars, and melasma.

    During this procedure, the skin specialist rubs diamond tips or fine crystals typically made of aluminum oxide onto the skin with the help of a wand. This results in gentle exfoliation of the skin, removing the superficial layer of dead skin cells. The skin becomes clear and smooth and the impurities removed from the skin surface allow the formation of a new skin layer within a week following the treatment.

    Microdermabrasion is also a great way of reducing the size of the pores. This can help minimize acne breakouts and blackheads which lead to uneven skin tone treatment in Bangalore. The technique requires repeated treatment sessions to see optimal results which are not permanent. It is an outpatient procedure that makes subtle changes in the skin without any scarring or change in skin color. People often request this procedure to get a lighter skin complexion of the face and neck but it can be performed on other skin areas too.

  • Dermabrasion
    It is an intensive version of the microdermabrasion technique that is done to scrape the damaged or dead skin cells from the skin’s surface with the help of a dermaroller. This exposes the new younger and smoother skin layer from underneath. It works best for the correction of deep facial flaws including sun damage, heavy acne or injury-related scarring, deep wrinkles, and uneven skin tone. When compared to laser treatments, dermabrasion is not costly but it does have a few days of downtime associated with it.

    Before this treatment, the patient is provided with anesthesia to ensure there is no pain or discomfort throughout the procedure.

    During the treatment, the skin to be treated is held taut and a dermabrader (a small, motorized rotating device with a rough surface) is moved across it. For larger areas, a circular dermabrader is used whereas for small areas such as mouth corners a device with a small tip would work. Soon after the procedure is over, a moist dressing may be applied to the skin and a calming medication may be given to soothe the skin after the treatment.
Uneven Skin Tone Treatment In Bangalore

How to prevent an uneven skin tone?

Several steps can be followed to reduce the risks of developing an uneven skin tone treatment. These include:

  • Wearing broad-spectrum sunscreen of at least SPF 30 and PA+++ rating every day before stepping out in the sun. One must reapply it, immediately after sweating or swimming and daily after at least 3-4 hours. Direct exposure to sunlight or UV rays at peak hours of a sunny afternoon must be avoided to prevent sun tanning and damage. 
  • Avoiding visible light and heat triggers, if melasma is present.
  • Following a gentle skincare regimen that includes daily cleansing and moisturizing of the skin.
  • Avoiding the application of any harsh skincare product that may irritate the skin.
  • Immediately treating skin concerns like acne, rosacea, psoriasis, and others.
  • Avoiding repeated touching of the face and dry shaving reduces the risk of having a skin infection or trauma.
  • Discussing with the skin specialist doctor about the options available for treating hyperpigmented skin resulting from certain medications like birth control pills. 
  • Exercising regularly so that the skin receives improved blood flow.
  • Eating a well-balanced diet including antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables, lean proteins, healthy fats, and whole grains for healthy skin. It is advised to avoid or limit the intake of processed foods, oily/greasy foods, dairy, alcohol, and food items rich in refined sugars.  
  • Drinking plenty of water to keep the skin well-hydrated.

 

For more information about pigmentation treatment in Bangalore, please feel free to get in touch with us!

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Address

Chirag Hospital, 3rd floor, #1635, 17th main, J P Nagar 2nd phase,
Bengaluru - 560078

info@charmaclinic.com

+91 9731236668

Clinic Timings

Monday to Saturday : 9.30AM to 7.30PM
Sunday : Closed!

Virtual Consultation based on doctor's availability.

Charma Clinic

The word Charma means skin in Sanskrit and other Indian languages. Charma was conceptualised in the summer of 2013 as a centre to treat dermatological problems. It was started in Chirag Hospital, a small nursing home in South Bengaluru.

Charma Clinic

Chirag Hospital, 3rd floor, #1635, 17th main, J P Nagar 2nd phase, Bengaluru - 560078

Clinic Timings

Monday to Saturday : 9.30AM to 7.30PM
Sunday : Closed!