Uneven skin tone is a common skin concern that refers to blotchy skin, facial flushing, or skin pigmentation. It may appear as discolored, irregular patches on any part of the body or face and affect the aesthetics and self-esteem of an individual. This may range from sunspots, freckles, age spots to melasma. The most common cause of uneven skin tone is hyperpigmentation, a skin condition wherein excess melanin is present in certain skin areas appearing as dark patches or spots.
The factors which lead to uneven skin tone treatment in Bangalore include sun damage by exposure to sunlight or UV rays; lifestyle factors such as stress, lack of proper sleep, and smoking; skin injury, disease or illnesses, acne, and its scarring, aging, other skin issues like dermatitis or rosacea, hormonal changes, and certain medications. It must be noted that the symptoms of skin pigmentation are physically harmless and painless.
Although uneven skin tone is not a serious skin issue, most people wish to get an even skin tone due to cosmetic reasons. There are a number of treatment options available that can be considered including home remedies with over-the-counter products and professional treatments carried by expert dermatologists. One must know that home remedies may or may not provide results for everyone. Rather most people end up worsening the skin condition by trying out different home remedies. So, it is suggested to consult a qualified dermatologist to get the right treatment and avoid any complications.
How to get an even skin tone?
The first approach is to wait and see if the uneven skin tone gets improved over time. Mostly, no treatment is required for pregnancy-related hyperpigmentation or post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation as it can resolve within a few months. But, if it does not go on its own, medical and dermatological treatments can help.
Another way is to look for the cause. If a skin product or a birth control pill is causing hyperpigmentation, then stopping it may help fade dark patches within 6-12 months.
If there is an underlying skin condition giving rise to uneven skin tone, its treatment can help prevent further hyperpigmented areas of skin or even allow the existing ones to fade over time.
Several over-the-counter products can also treat uneven skin tone problems. Mostly, they comprise at least one of the following ingredients:
Makeups like foundations, concealers, and green-tinted products can also work to cover up minor flushing of the skin and help even out skin tone temporarily. Skin brightening medifacials are another temporary treatment for uneven skin tone. These medifacials use medical-grade products to provide the skin with the required hydration and nutrients, thereby improving the skin texture and tone. However, for long-lasting glow one may need advanced treatments.
1. Laser Toning
It is an ideal way to correct uneven skin tone and other common skin concerns as it can get to even the hard-to-reach areas of skin. However, the results may vary based on the person’s age, skin type, skin condition, and the type of laser (i.e. wavelength of laser).
There are two major types of laser: ablative (an intense form that causes removal of superficial skin layers) and non-ablative (a less invasive form that targets the skin dermis without damaging the top skin surface to encourage collagen remodeling). The laser technique may use either fractional or non-fractional laser tools to eliminate damaged skin layers. Among different types of laser, Q-switched Nd: YAG laser (a non-ablative type of laser) is the latest technology that is safe and effective in reducing unwanted skin pigmentation for all skin types.
The laser toning procedure begins with an initial clean-up of the treatment site to remove excess oil and dirt. It is followed by applying a topical local anesthetic for numbing the skin so that the treatment is pain-free and comforting for the client. Further, the skin expert or laser technician determines the wavelength of light according to the skin type and condition of the individual being treated.
The laser produces a high-intensity light of a specific wavelength that gets focused for a few microseconds on the skin. This light energy gets transferred to deeper areas of skin and is absorbed only by the skin-colored pigments (melanin) present in the dark spots of skin without harming the surrounding skin. It generates thermal energy which leads to fragmentation of melanin pigment within the skin tissues (called subcellular selective photo thermolysis), thereby providing even, smooth skin. It has the potential to get rid of sunspots, freckles, age spots, and pigmented birthmarks. Furthermore, laser heat promotes the production of collagen and elastin (the skin structural fibers) by inflicting micro-injuries in the skin that triggers the body’s healing system. During the procedure, the broken tiny particles of unwanted melanin move into the bloodstream to be flushed out from that site. This rejuvenates the skin and makes it look instantly brighter, plumper, and even-toned.
Usually, 6-8 sessions are required for the service to deliver optimal results. Some patients may experience a mild stinging sensation or like a rubber band snapping against the skin when a laser handpiece gets hovered over the affected skin. There is no bruising or swelling, only slight redness which is normal and can subside within a few hours. The procedure is quick, has little to no downtime and the person can immediately return to daily routine. To know about laser treatment cost in Bangalore, consult the skin expert at Charma Clinic.
2. Chemical Peels
Chemical peeling (also referred to as chemexfoliation or derma peeling) is a highly effective method to allow a deep level of skin exfoliation (removal of affected skin cells) by using chemical solutions, thereby revealing the fresh layer of skin from underneath. It is usually carried out on the face, neck, and hands. There are different types of chemical peels that are designed based on their skin penetrating ability and strength of the chemical solution used. These include light, medium, and deep chemical peels. They can be used to correct uneven skin tone or discolorations, remove acne and its scarring, improve skin texture, eliminate visible aging signs like fine lines and wrinkles, and generally improve the skin appearance. It can help reduce sun damage and hyperpigmentation problems that cause the skin to age. They eliminate blotchiness due to the sun, resulting in younger-looking skin.
Chemical peels are highly effective as they go deeper than microdermabrasion but if not used properly, there is a risk of skin burning. Depending upon the skin problems being addressed, one of the following chemical peels is chosen:
It is a minimally invasive cosmetic procedure to fix uneven skin tone and renew skin texture. It is suitable for all skin colors and types with minor skin flaws like mild cases of hyperpigmentation. Moreover, it is known to be a secret for youthful-looking skin. It can enhance the skin appearance following sun damage, fine lines, wrinkles, age spots, acne blemishes, scars, and melasma.
During this procedure, the skin specialist rubs diamond tips or fine crystals typically made of aluminum oxide onto the skin with the help of a wand. This results in gentle exfoliation of the skin, removing the superficial layer of dead skin cells. The skin becomes clear and smooth and the impurities removed from the skin surface allow the formation of a new skin layer within a week following the treatment.
Microdermabrasion is also a great way of reducing the size of the pores. This can help minimize acne breakouts and blackheads which lead to uneven skin tone treatment in Bangalore. The technique requires repeated treatment sessions to see optimal results which are not permanent. It is an outpatient procedure that makes subtle changes in the skin without any scarring or change in skin color. People often request this procedure to get a lighter skin complexion of the face and neck but it can be performed on other skin areas too.
Several steps can be followed to reduce the risks of developing an uneven skin tone treatment. These include:
For more information about pigmentation treatment in Bangalore, please feel free to get in touch with us!
Disclaimer: This website (www.charmaclinic.com) aims to spread awareness about skin, hair, nail problems and their relevant treatments. The information shared here is generic in nature and can not replace the advice/ prescription of a qualified medical professional. Every individual may have different skin, hair, nail concerns and must be treated accordingly. Hence, medications or treatments mentioned on the website shall not be consumed/ utilized unless prescribed by a certified medical professional.