Hair fall or hair loss is a very distressful issue faced by many people worldwide. It is a common condition which results in pattern baldness, receding hairline, or thinning of hair if there is sudden or gradual hair fall (above 50-100 hair strands daily).
Although, hair loss can be caused due to a lot of many reasons among the most common is androgenic alopecia (a hereditary factor), affecting both men and women. Other possible causes may include hormonal changes, scalp infections, hair-pulling disorders, certain medications, and skin problems.
People who are going bald feel embarrassed with their looks and wish to get back their natural-looking, thick, healthy hair. Hair transplant in Bangalore, India performed at Charma Clinic can help make possible a head full of hair.
It is a surgical technique wherein already existing hair follicles are transferred to the areas of the scalp with thin or no hair. With this technique damaged or old hair follicles are replaced with new, healthy hair follicles that possess the ability to grow hair. After the new follicles are transplanted, they are well-nourished by a blood supply from blood vessels connecting the hair roots. This aids in new hair growth at the recipient site that was previously bald or had thin hair. Mostly, the hair grafts are taken from the back of the head or its sides but they can also be taken from other hairy parts of the body.
There are two hair transplant methods: Follicular unit extraction (FUE) or Follicular unit transplantation (FUT). The surgeon may choose between the two based on the patient’s scalp condition and needs. Before a hair transplant, the surgeon sterilizes the area where the hair is to be removed and numbs it with a local anesthetic. The results of a hair transplant may vary among the treated individuals. To know which transplantation surgery is suitable option for your condition, schedule a consultation with the expert hair transplant surgeon in Bangalore at Charma Clinic.
Ideal candidates for hair transplantation surgery include:
People who are over the age of 25 and below 65. Patients who are younger than 25 show less predictable hair loss patterns as they are experiencing premature hair loss which might change with increasing age. This treatment may not work best for people above 65 because of thinning of hair with age but they still qualify for the procedure.
Men with the Norwood pattern of hair loss or M-shaped hairline wherein hair is lost from the temple region and women with Ludwig pattern with hair loss in the crown area of the head. They tend to respond best to hair transplantation because they have good donor hair follicles that can be harvested.
People with healthy and dense hair growth in some sections of the scalp. Hair transplantation in them would provide better coverage of hair in bald areas.
Men and women who have a loss of hair due to scalp trauma or burns and otherwise are in good overall health.
Individuals with similar color of hair and scalp skin. They have less visible baldness than people who have contrasting hair and skin color.
Hair transplantation is not suitable for:
Completely bald people. Such individuals lack the donor sites for the removal of hair follicles and their relocation.
Individuals who are prone to keloid scars after surgeries.
Candidates whose hair loss is due to intake of certain medications, radiation therapies, or chemotherapies.
People who have tight scalp or low laxity of scalp skin.
Patients suffering from thyroid disorders or other serious health concerns.
Follicular Unit Extraction is an advanced technique of hair transplantation that propels the field of hair transplant surgery and is one step closer to the minimally invasive procedure. The follicular unit refers to the group of one to four hair follicles that grow into the hair. In the FUE procedure, the entire follicular unit is uprooted from the donor sites like the back or sides of the scalp with automated punches. Sometimes, the hair on the chest, back, and beard could also act as a donor site. Next, hair follicles (eventually considered as a hair graft) are harvested one by one from each extracted follicular unit. It is followed by implanting each hair graft in the bald portions after creating holes or slits at the recipient site using a needle or scalpel. In a single session, approx. 4000 hair follicles can be transplanted.
Treatment areas: Most commonly, the FUE hair transplant is performed for the scalp. But, it can also be carried out on other body parts where hair is absent or thin like beard, chest, legs, arms, and genital area.
Firstly, the hair transplantation doctor in Bangalore at Charma Clinic shaves or trims the long hair of the entire donor area to 1-2 mm in length. At this time, the patient lies on the operating table in the prone position. The hair may also be trimmed around the recipient area.
Next, the local anesthesia is injected slowly over the donor area and left for some time until it numbs the scalp skin.
Then, the hair follicles from the skin are removed by using a micro-punch tool (creating 0.8-1mm micro punches) under a magnification of 2.5 to 5X. The surgeon carefully uses forceps to takes out the grafts and preserves them.
With a needle or any small sharp tool, the surgeon makes a series of tiny incisions where the extracted hair follicles are to be inserted.
Through these incisions or holes created in the recipient area, the hair grafts are placed.
Lastly, the surgeon cleans both the sites and covers the incisions with bandages for recovery.
It requires less manpower.
The procedure is less traumatic as it does not involve sutures, bleeding, or linear scarring. The microscopic scars created at the donor site remain unnoticed.
Graft preparation is minimal.
There is less equipment needed which makes the procedure quick and helps to yield superior results.
Any discomfort or swelling after the hair transplant in Bangalore resolves within 2-3 days. Thus, the procedure requires minimal post-operative recovery time.
The outcome of the hair transplant is natural-looking.
With this technique, body hair can also be utilized as a graft.
It can be performed for people who earlier had unsuccessful follicular unit strip surgery and also help cover their pre-existing scars.
It offers greater cost-flexibility and affordability.
Follicular unit transplantation, also known as the strip method is a type of hair transplantation in which a long, thin piece of scalp tissue comprising hair follicles (i.e. a strip of hairy skin) is removed from the back of the head. The exact size of the strip needed depends upon the number of hair follicles required for covering the bald patches. Usually, the width of the strip doesn’t exceed 0.4 to 0.6 inches. The removed strip is further dissected using a stereomicroscope and the individual follicular units from the strip are harvested. Once the hair grafts are ready, they are re-inserted with precision into the balding or thinning sections of the scalp. Following it, the wounded donor site is sutured that eventually results in the formation of a very fine linear scar.
For people having significant balding at the top of the head, FUT can be a better solution as compared to FUE to provide better coverage and fullness of the head. It is estimated that about 8000 strands of hair can be transplanted by this procedure, thereby offering maximal hair restoration. Although, hair transplantation lasts for 4 to 8 hours. The FUT procedure is usually faster than FUE.
Firstly, the hair transplant surgeon in Bangalore at Charma Clinic re-draws the receding hairline to know about the area to be covered by hair, and final markings are made on the donor area of strip extraction. Photographs may also be taken for a medical record of the patient for future comparison with after results.
Usually, local anesthesia is applied or injected into the donor area of the scalp to numb it and make the overall procedure comfortable for the client.
Next, the donor site, from where hair is to be removed is trimmed to about two millimeters of length.
Then the surgeon cuts out the strip of scalp skin containing the hair follicles that are to be further used as a graft.
Then the doctor takes every single hair follicle from the strip using a microscope and immediately stores it in saline or preserving solution until it's transplanted.
The donor area of the scalp is then sutured.
Next, the harvested hair follicles are inserted one by one into the holes created at the recipient area using a scalpel or sharp needle.
Lastly, the scalp skin is applied with topical antibiotics to prevent infection and bandages to cover the area for healing.
The recovery time is manageable. It usually lasts between 10-12 days. Some people may experience high levels of discomfort as compared to other procedures because of swelling in the area where the strip was removed. To be able to overcome it soon, the surgeon prescribes certain medications to reduce pain and swelling.
The removal of follicular units takes place under stereo-microscopes and is carefully isolated by keeping the protective tissue intact.
The procedure yields high-quality grafts and results in full coverage.
The hair follicles are usually harvested from the mid donor zone where most of the hair is permanent.
It is effective for people who have limited hair available in the donor area.
This type of hair transplant leaves a very thin, linear scar of about 1mm in diameter. It could easily be concealed with the surrounding hair.
The candidate can enjoy fuller, natural-looking hair. Others cannot even distinguish between their existing hair and transplanted hair.
The cost of hair transplant in Bangalore depends on several factors like the age of the patient, surgeon’s experience, number of hair grafts, and type of technique performed.
Do not smoke for at least a day or two before the surgery. The best advice is to quit smoking for lifetime.
Avoid alcohol consumption for at least 3 days before the surgery.
Do not take blood thinners and aspirin for about 2 weeks before the surgery as it may lead to bleeding at the time of surgery.
Avoid intake of dietary supplements or vitamins as recommended by the surgeon for 2 weeks.
Do not take antidepressants for about 2 weeks before surgery.
Do not go for a haircut.
After considering a hair transplant and before few weeks of its actual execution, do a proper scalp massage for 10 to 20 minutes every day.
Continue to take medications that could promote hair growth as directed by the surgeon.
Do not take a hair bath for at least 3 days after the treatment.
When allowed to wash hair, make use of gentle and scent-free shampoos for some time.
To help speed up healing, take off from work for few days.
Do not comb or brush the sprouting hair for at least 3 weeks as they may break.
Do not wear hats or any other clothing that goes over the head.
Avoid any strenuous physical activity which puts pressure on the head for at least a week.
To avail the benefits of hair transplantation surgery, schedule a visit at Charma Clinic, best hair transplant clinic in Bangalore, India.
Disclaimer: This website (www.charmaclinic.com) aims to spread awareness about skin, hair, nail problems and their relevant treatments. The information shared here is generic in nature and can not replace the advice/ prescription of a qualified medical professional. Every individual may have different skin, hair, nail concerns and must be treated accordingly. Hence, medications or treatments mentioned on the website shall not be consumed/ utilized unless prescribed by a certified medical professional.